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Teaching and Learning Proforma -


Intended Outcomes:

Students will be expected to:

Co-operative learning strategies modelled and practised with their peers.

Students will be given regular opportunities to develop their skills in speaking, listening, reading viewing and writing.

Engaging students:

Prior knowledge

Refining (students’ questions, ideas and teacher’s intentions):

From newspaper cuttings –

Introduce the big book Natural Disasters  by Rob Morrison. Ask children to study the front cover, the back-cover blurb and features such as the index, the glossary and table of contents. Discuss the way they should use an index and a glossary. Ask them to check the contents list and add to the class list any disasters not already on it. Read the introduction in a class group. Ask children to examine the accompanying photos, and then add to or rearrange the initial board work.

What has been the most commonly occurring natural disaster? Which has resulted in the greatest loss of life? Locate each of the countries on a map of the world. In which part of the world have most of the major disasters occurred?

Activity sheets - The World's Worst Natural Disasters, What a Disaster!

Brainstorm for where the children can seek further information. Set up a learning centre.

Set up world map. Pin any disaster areas mentioned on to the world map.


View videos – Disasters, Earthquake country, Volcanoes, What are volcanoes, Cyclone Tracey, Hurricanes, Tornadoes and Twisters, Night of the Twisters.

Read The Big Wave, Cyclone Tracey, Advantage Justin.

Introduce the layers of the Earth through lesson plan http://ucaswww.mcm.uc.edu/geology/crest/lesplans/cecsci.56

Other useful lessons on the internet are
Why do earthquakes happen? http://ericir.syr.edu/Projects/Newton12/Lessons/earthquk.html
Floods - How can water be powerful enough to move a house? gopher://ericir.syr.edu/Projects/Newton/12/Lessons/floods.html
Severe weather Information Kit Quiz

Earthquake lesson plan
Can you read a quake?

Carry out research on a particular natural catastrophic phenomena. Click on to download a Publisher 97 question sheet.

Children will have an individual activity book comprising   a variety of activities taken from various resources (see below) covering the various learning areas.

Children will continually add to a word bank headed 'Disasters'. These words will later be used in a wordsearch.

Quick quiz - ask children to check their dictionaries for the meanings of pandemonium, catastrophe, epicentre and fault line.

Divide the class into small groups. Give each group a different location - eg. an elevator, a restaurant, a classroom, a bridge or a twenty-storey building - and ask them to act out situations before, during and after earthquakes experienced in these places.

Read newspaper arcticles page 10 and 11  Disaster and Survival (Rigby). Locate the area and discuss why so many people would have been killed (suggest the results of landslides, overpopulation or inadequately structured buildings.)   Ask children to determine how they think money and aid should be used in relief; list their suggestions in order of priority.

Design a children's poster requesting aid, using emotive language to which children would respond.

Question children to any prior knowledge of Cyclone Tracy. Locate Darwin on a map of Australia.  Children write a sense poem titled 'Cyclone'. Read The Wind that Came for Christmas - Disaster and Survival (Rigby).

Read and follow the activities in Natural Disasters   by Rob Morrison. Carry out the experiments.

Other activities will include story writing (Write a story on how you came to win an award for extreme bravery during a disaster), poetry writing and analysing ('Ash Wednesday', Fire Diary and  'Said Hanrahan', Disaster and Survival), comprehension and cloze activities, reporting, interpreting graphical information, including finding out about ways of measuring disasters.

Discuss how  people prepare against a natural disaster? What can be done to limit the effects of natural hazards?

Write a descriptive paragraph about each of the following disasters - Flood, drought, mudslide, bushfire, plague, avalanche, earthquake, cyclone, tsunami.

Children will locate Volcano World on the internet and click of Current and Recent Eruptions and select an Active volcano and answer a set of questions. They can also click on Ask a Volcanologist and ask any questions.

If time permits some of the on-line lessons could be utilised. These can be found in 'Lesson Plans' on the main menu.

Reflecting on what we have learnt

Brainstorm students and list potential emergencies that could happen as a result of a disaster such as a flood, an earthquake, a tornado, a hurricane, or an explosion. Then discuss what emergency drills are and why they are necessary.

Divide the class into small groups and explain that each group will make a disaster drill guide that will focus on any of the emergencies discussed. Each group to focus on a different disaster.

Children will set questions from their projects for a quiz.

Complete another child's wordsearch.

Teaching Resources:

Hill, Glenn  Disasters - Upper Primary Theme Pack R.I.C. Publications

Brown, Doug & Monaghan, Bob Grammar once a week Book 6

Walters, Lynley Non-fiction Cloze and Comprehension Activities books 3 & 4

Earthquakes, Volcanoes & Tsunamis   Ready-Ed Publications

Rigby English Teacher Resource Book, Student Response Sheets and texts included in pack.

Natural Disasters Scholastic Senior Topic Pack

New Perspectives in Social Education 1

The Gifted and Talented Children's Course Book 7 Disasters Ready-Ed Publications

Tornadoes, Whirlwinds and Waterspouts
Grade 6 Science - Earthquakes and Volcanoes http://www.sasked.gov.sk.ca/docs/midlsci/gr6ubmsc.html
Natural Hazards
Earthquake lesson plan
Earthquake lesson plan http://cea-ftp.cea.berkeley.edu/Education/lessons/indiv/davis/hs/TeacherPlans.html
Volcano Lesson plan

Videos that are readily available


Teacher's Guide. 1998 Denise Lawson